Among the obligatory acts of worship, prayer is an obligatory act of worship. There are certain actions inside and outside of prayer that are also obligatory to perform correctly. Sitting after the first two rak’ats is called the first sitting, sitting after four rak’ats is called the last sitting, and Tashahhud is recited in every sitting.
What is Tashahhud?
Tashahhud is a very important supplication that is recited in every prayer meeting. Tashahhud or Attahiyatu is a conversation between Almighty Allah and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). This Kathakopthan is so glorious that we recite this Tashahhud or Attahiyatu in every prayer.
Tashahhud Bengali pronunciation
Attahiyatu lillahi was salawatu wa-taibatu. Assalamu Alaika Ayyuhannabiyu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu. Assalamu Alaina wa Ala Ibadillahis Salihin. Ashhadu Allailaha Illallahu wa Ashhadu Anna Muhammadan Abduhu wa Rasuluhu.
All verbal, physical and financial worship is for Almighty Allah. O Prophet! May God’s peace, mercy and blessings be upon you.
Source: Narrated by Abdullah Ibn Masood (RA), Rasulullah (SAW) taught him this ‘Tashahhud’. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 6265)
English Pronunciation of Tashahhud
Attahiyyaatu lillaahi, wassalawaatu, wattayyibaatu, assalaamu alayka, ayyuhan-Nabiyyu, wa-rahmatullaahi, wa-barakaatuhu, assalaamu alaynaa, wa-alaa ibaadillaahis-saalihiin, Ash-hadu allaa ilaaha, illallaahu wa-ash-hadu anna, Muhammadan, abduhu wa Rasuluh
Rules for reciting Tashahhud or Attahiyatu
When the worshiper verbally testifies to Tawheed during the prayer, his finger also testifies. That’s why when reading Attahiyatu reaches ‘Ashhadu Allah… Ilaha’, make a round base with the thumb and middle finger and point with Shahadat finger. And the little finger and the ring finger will be connected to the palm of the hand. Shahadat will lower his finger after saying ‘Illallah’. However, the other fingers will remain in their position until the end of the prayer.
Note that the finger closest to the thumb is called the Shahadat finger. The finger will stop moving after the gesture is finished. (Source: Sahih Muslim: 1336-1337 Sahih Ibn Hibban: 5/270, Sunan Nasa’i Kubra: 1193, Abu Dawud: 989)
However, there are other hadiths about tashahhud with words and pointing with fingers. So it is not desirable to exaggerate the matter.